This question has been on my mind since I read Peter Moore’s book Winter invasion. That book explained what happened during the Mongol Khan’s time. The Khan was trying to expand his realm into the farthest reaches of the vast steppes, and was always at odds with the nomadic tribesmen who lived in the desert. A great many soldiers were lost in the journey and many were killed by the native peoples, not the invaders.
Was Genghis Khan afraid that winter would be a harsh time for his soldiers?
Did he send winter warriors to winter camp so they would be protected from attack? What is this story, and how do we find out the answer to the question, “What did that Mongols Winter Invasion of Russia lead to?” We know that the Mongols, led by Genghis Khan, did conquer parts of Russia and did defeat the Russian winter camp army, but they also were very careful not to leave too much exposed, or they might lose their winter warriors to the enemy. So they sent only a limited number of horse riders and archers to winter camp, leaving behind all the heavy weapons they might use against the enemy.
Is it possible that the winter warriors were sent on a secret mission by the Northern Russians, perhaps to scout out the route for the approaching winter? If so, then we have another possibility as to why the winter camp troops were so badly armed. There is also a third possibility, that the winter warriors were there to winter camp because of some religious observances, and were not really winter warriors sent on a mission.
Why didn’t the winter warriors who fell in the Winter War fall prey to the enemy’s wintersight?
Wasn’t there winter at the southern tip of Russia? Wasn’t it cold in the north? And, if the northern Russian winter warriors had been trained for winter camping, surely they would have been equipped with light armor, and an army knife to fight efficiently, as they might have been in a fort, not a village. And if Genghis Khan and his military advisors really thought of preparing for a military campaign against the approaching winter, they may have sent an entire division of armored troops to the frozen wastes of the Tundra to secure the route south to the ocean for the disciplined and well-trained Russian Army which Genghis Khan led.
And did Genghis Khan to turn down an opportunity to build a defensive wall along the Dnieper River to protect his Russian allies who were defending themselves from being fully enveloped by the enemy?
Did the winter king not want to lose his highly prized Mzokuawni Tiger force, and the rest of his army, to an inferior force? Or was he afraid that a defensive wall along the Dnieper would weaken the defensive capability of the Russian army, which was supposed to defeat the Turkish forces at the gates of Stalingrad? What is all this about the famous winter battle which Genghis Khan led?
What is all this about the battle which Mongol Khan led to take the initiative to build the world’s first winter camp, on the frozen wastes of the Kara River? And why was this winter camp built on the frozen wastes of the Kara River, which flows just east of the modern-day Moscow? And where did the winter warriors come from? Were they all ethnic Russians, or did they come from Central Asia, China, Mongolia, or some other far-flung country which cannot be easily classified by today’s maps? All these questions have preoccupied the minds of historians and scientists for years, and it is only recently that Russian scientists have begun to unravel the real facts surrounding the Winter Soldiers.
One of the most significant clues to answer the question of the winter camp, which Mongols Khan led, is the fact that in all of their other expeditions up until the first Russian winter there were no winter travelers. What does all this mean? It means that the Mongols, who were the greatest warrior and military people who ever existed, never experienced a cold winter to keep them anywhere but in the best of shape. Furthermore, it also means that the very first winter that the Russian army did go through, the cold was much more severe than any which the soldiers of the Chinese, Indians, or Europeans had ever experienced.
The winter warriors of the Mongols certainly did experience some cold winters in their homeland.
However, the chronic illnesses that plague the Russian soldiers during the nineteenth century must be blamed much more on poor diet and lack of exercise than on any actual lack of warmth. Therefore, it is much more likely that the question of which Mongol khan led the first successful winter invasion of Russia should be asked instead as to what winter warriors the Mongols chose to pursue after the winter. And that is exactly what happened as the cold grip of winter enveloped the entire lands of China and northern Russia and from then on, no army in the whole world could successfully mount an offensive against the aggressor until the spring of eighteen hundred.